This timeline gives an overview of the EU restrictive measures imposed on Russia since 2014.
For more accurate and latest information about restrictive measures against Russia, please check this website: Timeline - EU restrictive measures against Russia over Ukraine - Consilium (europa.eu )
Latest information from the Dutch government on sanction packages against Russia: Rijksoverheid
4 August - EU imposes restrictive measures on Viktor and Oleksandr Yanukovych
The Council decided to impose restrictive measures on two additional individuals in response to the ongoing unjustified and unprovoked Russian military aggression against Ukraine.
The Council added to the list of persons, entities and bodies subject to restrictive measures:
• Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych - pro-Russian former President of Ukraine, for his role in undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine and the state´s stability and security
• Oleksandr Viktorovych Yanukovych (Viktor's son) - for also conducting transactions with the separatist groups in the Donbas region of Ukraine
The EU firmly stands with Ukraine and will continue to provide strong support for Ukraine´s overall economic, military, social and financial resilience, including humanitarian aid.
26 July - EU renews economic sanctions over Russia's aggression against Ukraine for further six months
The Council renewed the economic sanctions until 31 January 2023. These sanctions consist of restrictions on:
• dual-use goods
• luxury goods
21 July - New package of measures in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine
The Council adopted new measures intended to tighten existing economic sanctions targeting Russia, perfect their implementation and strengthen their effectiveness.
The “maintenance and alignment” package:
• introduces a new prohibition to purchase, import or transfer Russian-origin gold, including jewellery
• reinforces export controls of dual use goods
• extends the existing port access ban to locks
• clarifies existing measures, for instance in the field of public procurement, aviation and justice
• sanctions an additional 54 individuals and 10 entities, including the mayor of Moscow and Sberbank, a major financial institution
New measures, just like earlier sanctions, do not target Russia's exports of food, grain or fertilizers.
20 June - Crimea and Sevastopol: Council renews sanctions for a further year
The Council decided to renew sanctions introduced in response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol by the Russian Federation for a further year until 23 June 2023.
The restrictive measures currently in place include:
• prohibitions targeting the imports of products originating from illegally annexed Crimea or Sevastopol into the EU
• infrastructural or financial investments and tourism services from illegally annexed Crimea or Sevastopol
• the exports of certain goods and technologies to Crimean companies or for use in illegally annexed Crimea in the transport, telecommunications and energy sectors
• the prospection for and exploration and production of oil, gas and mineral resources
3 June - Sixth package of sanctions in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine
The Council adopted a sixth package of sanctions, in light of Russia´s continuing war of aggression against Ukraine, Belarus' support for it, and the reported atrocities committed by the Russian armed forces.
The package includes:
• a ban on imports from Russia of crude oil and refined petroleum products, with limited exceptions
• a SWIFT ban for an additional three Russian bank and one Belarusian bank
• suspension of broadcasting in the EU for three more Russian state-owned outlets
The EU also adopted sanctions against an additional 65 individuals and 18 entities. These include individuals responsible for the atrocities committed in Bucha and Mariupol.
30-31 May - European Council agrees on sixth sanctions package
EU leaders resolutely condemned Russia´s war of aggression against Ukraine and agreed on the sixth package of sanctions. The package will cover crude oil, as well as petroleum products, delivered from Russia to member states. A temporary exception for crude oil delivered by pipeline will be introduced.
Leaders urged the Council of the European Union to finalise and adopt the new sanctions without delay.
During the summit, the leaders also discussed safety of civilians, prosecution of war crimes, EU support to Ukraine - including humanitarian, financial, military and political support - and EU support to neighbouring countries. They also stressed the importance of resolutely implementing the Strategic Compass and increasing the EU´s security and defence capacity.
The European Council also addressed food security challenges resulting from the Russian war and called for speeding up work on the solidarity lanes to facilitate food exports from Ukraine.
Leaders reviewed progress on strengthening the EU´s energy independence and agreed on actions to further secure energy supply.
21 April - EU sanctions two additional businesspeople in relation to the illegal annexation of Crimea
The Council adopted sanctions against two additional Russian businesspeople in relation to the illegal annexation of Crimea: Serhiy Vitaliyovich Kurchenko and Yevgeniy Viktorovich Prigozhin.
Serhiy Vitaliyovich Kurchenko is a Ukrainian national and, among other things, took control of several large metalworking, chemical and energy plants in the separatist-held areas with support from pro-Russia separatists.
Yevgeniy Viktorovich Prigozhin is a prominent Russian businessman with close ties to President Putin and the Russian Ministry of Defence. He is the founder and unofficial head of the Wagner Group, a Russia-based unincorporated military entity, responsible for the deployment of Wagner Group mercenaries in Ukraine.
13 April - EU introduces exceptions to restrictive measures to facilitate humanitarian activities
In view of the humanitarian crisis resulting from Russia´s unprovoked and unjustified invasion of Ukraine, the Council introduced humanitarian exceptions in two sanctions regimes concerning the situation in Ukraine: restrictive measures in respect of actions undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine (“Ukraine territorial integrity regime”), and restrictive measures in response to the recognition of the non-government controlled areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine and the ordering of Russian armed forces into those areas (“Donetsk and Luhansk regime”).
8 April - Fifth package of sanctions in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine
The Council adopted a fifth package of sanctions against Russia, in light of Russia´s continuing war of aggression against Ukraine and the reports of atrocities committed by the Russian armed forces in a number of Ukrainian towns.
The package includes a ban on:
• imports from Russia of coal and other solid fossil fuels
• all Russian vessels from accessing EU ports
• Russian and Belarusian road transport operators from entering the EU
• imports of other goods such as wood, cement, seafood and liquor
• exports to Russia of jet fuel and other goods
• deposits to crypto-wallets
15 March - Fourth package of sanctions in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine
The EU imposed a fourth package of economic and individual sanctions in response to Russia´s military aggression against Ukraine. The new measures include a ban on:
• all transactions with certain state-owned enterprises
• the provision of credit rating services to any Russian person or entity
• new investments in the Russian energy sector
The Council expanded the list of persons connected to Russia´s defence and industrial base, on whom tighter export restrictions were imposed regarding dual-use goods, and goods and technology which might contribute to Russia´s technological enhancement of its defence and security sector. The EU also introduced:
• trade restrictions for iron, steel and luxury goods
• sanctions on an additional 15 individuals and 9 entities
10 March - EU extends sanctions over territorial integrity for a further six months
The Council decided to extend the sanctions targeting those responsible for undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine for a further six months until 15 September 2022.
The existing restrictive measures provide for travel restrictions, the freezing of assets, and a ban on making funds or other economic resources available to the listed persons and entities. Sanctions will continue to apply to 862 individuals and 53 entities.
9 March - EU imposes restrictive measures on an additional 160 individuals
The Council decided to impose restrictive measures on an additional 160 individuals in respect of the ongoing unjustified and unprovoked Russian military aggression against Ukraine and of actions undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine.
The listed individuals include:
• 14 oligarchs and prominent businesspeople involved in key economic sectors providing a substantial source of revenue to the Russian Federation
• 146 members of the Russian Federation Council
Altogether, EU restrictive measures now apply to a total of 862 individuals and 53 entities.
9 March - EU agrees new measures targeting Belarus and Russia
In response to the involvement of Belarus in the unjustified and unprovoked Russian military aggression against Ukraine, the Council has adopted additional measures targeting the Belarusian financial sector.
The agreed measures will:
• restrict the provision of specialised financial messaging services (SWIFT) to three Belarusian banks
• prohibit transactions with the Central Bank of Belarus
• prohibit the listing and provision of services in relation to shares of Belarusian state-owned entities on EU trading venues
• significantly limit the financial inflows from Belarus to the EU
• prohibit the provision of euro-denominated banknotes to Belarus
Furthermore, the Council has introduced further restrictive measures with regard to the export of maritime navigation goods and radio communication technology to Russia.